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Under the overall pattern of vigorously promoting the coordinated development of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei, the Great Bay area of Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao, the regional integration of the Yangtze River Delta, the Yangtze River economic belt and other cross regional development strategies, building a metropolitan area led by the central city is becoming a breakthrough in regional development

authorities said that at present, China's proposed 19 cities 1 Before the experiment, according to the requirements of strike energy, the city cluster planning has been basically completed by replacing the suitable pendulum (the maximum strike energy of the large pendulum is 300j, and the small pendulum is 150j), and the planning of inter provincial city clusters has been issued and implemented. However, in the process of implementation, it is found that taking urban agglomeration as the yardstick, the scope is relatively large, and there is a lack of necessary entry points and grasp. "This means that a smaller entry point is needed. This is also the main reason why the monthly output of the spandex industry will usher in a new round of capacity release in the future and promote the construction of metropolitan areas in the core areas of urban agglomerations," the person said

xuxianping, former deputy director of the national development and Reform Commission, said that the coordination of urban agglomerations is difficult due to their cross regional nature. However, the modern metropolitan area is a compact and compact space ecology with super large and mega cities as the strong support and one hour commuting circle as the basic scope. Basically, it is easy to form a consensus and integrate resources within the administrative divisions of a province. "The experience created by the metropolitan area can be promoted step by step."

Zhou Nan, deputy director of the planning department of the national development and Reform Commission, previously said at the 2019 spring forum of the China Urban 100 forum that with the acceleration of urbanization, the coexistence of "big city disease" and population outflow from small and medium-sized cities has become increasingly prominent, and the requirements for the integrated development of central cities and surrounding areas have become increasingly urgent. She believes that compared with urban agglomerations, metropolitan areas are more conducive to balancing interests and strengthening cooperation

data show that the characteristics of the times in China's metropolitan areas are becoming more and more obvious. How the population growth, employment commuting, spatial expansion and industrial connection make the change experimental machine play the best work effect and the common sense of safety protection of the experimental machine all show a metropolitan pattern. Take the Beijing metropolitan area as an example, more than 360000 people working in Beijing live in the area around Beijing

"however, there is still a gap between China's metropolitan areas and the world." Gu Qiang, President of Huaxia happiness Industry Research Institute, previously said that the development of node cities and micro centers in China's metropolitan area is seriously insufficient, and the construction of cross city transportation is very backward. For example, the suburban railway in Beijing is only 290 kilometers, far lower than 4476 kilometers in Tokyo and 3076 kilometers in London. On average, the extreme commute in Beijing takes 72 minutes, 54% of which are concentrated in Beisan county

recently, the national development and Reform Commission issued the "key tasks for the construction of new urbanization in 2019", which pointed out that we should adhere to the central city to lead the development of urban agglomerations, enhance the driving force of the central city radiation, and form an important driving force for high-quality development. Explore the establishment of a coordinated promotion mechanism for the development of metropolitan areas led by central cities. Accelerate the planning and construction of integrated transportation infrastructure in metropolitan areas

according to the economic information daily, in addition to the acceleration of the linkage between Guangdong, Hong Kong, Macao, the Great Bay area, Beijing Tianjin Hebei Urban Agglomeration and other cities, Xi'an, Nanjing, Zhengzhou, Wuhan, Chengdu and other places have accelerated the layout of the metropolitan area

according to the Shaanxi Provincial Development and Reform Commission, the greater Xi'an metropolitan area will be mainly composed of Xi'an, Xianyang and Xixian new area. Specifically implement the spatial strategy of "spanning North, controlling south, advancing West, expanding East and optimizing in the middle", and create a spatial pattern of "three axes, three belts, three corridors, one channel, multiple centers and multiple clusters" in greater Xi'an. Accelerate the optimization and relief of functional layout, promote the integration of Xi'an and Xianyang, enhance the core functions of the main urban area, such as scientific and technological research and development, financial services, cultural tourism, international exchanges, and improve the functions of sub central cities such as Yanliang, Lintong, and Fuyi

Zhengzhou will focus on promoting the construction of "1+4" Zhengzhou metropolitan area, strengthen the driving role in the Central Plains urban agglomeration, and promote the integration of urban functions and the optimization of industrial layout. Strengthen the co construction and sharing of regional ecological, transportation, municipal and cultural networks, focus on connecting all regions through high-speed railways and intercity railways, plan and study the construction of "meter" shaped rapid rail (intercity) transportation, and form a "one core, four auxiliary, six corridors and multiple points" Metropolitan Spatial structure. Accelerate the construction of key strategic coordination areas, and further promote the same city of finance, industry, transportation, and health in Zhengzhou and Bian. The policy will officially implement the same city and the sharing of resources such as education, health care, and information on April 1, 2018. Accelerate the construction of Zhengkai innovation and entrepreneurship corridor, kaigang industrial belt, Xugang industrial belt, Zhengxin industrial belt, Zhengjiao industrial belt and Yinggong industrial belt

in Nanjing, recently, the signing and launching ceremony of the CPPCC linkage mechanism in Nanjing metropolitan area was officially held, including the signing of the agreement on the establishment of the CPPCC linkage mechanism in Nanjing metropolitan area by the CPPCC in Nanjing, Zhenjiang, Yangzhou, Huai'an, Chuzhou, Ma'anshan, Wuhu and Xuancheng. Before that, the eight cities also jointly built a three-level operation mechanism of the decision-making level, coordination level and implementation level of the metropolitan area

a relevant person from the Nanjing Municipal Development and Reform Commission said that the metropolitan area is first of all an industrial innovation circle. Without industrial linkage, the metropolitan area has no core ties. Therefore, Nanjing metropolitan area should establish a strategic alliance for industrial technological innovation in the metropolitan area, give full play to the role of cooperative organizations such as enterprise alliances, research associations and chambers of Commerce, strengthen the scientific and technological innovation network among enterprises, promote the alliance's open innovation and international cooperation, and build a collaborative innovation community with international level

"metropolitan area is an economic circle with high economic integration." Zhou Nan said that the metropolitan area is first and foremost an economic area, which must play a decisive role in the allocation of resources by the market. The primary responsibility for its construction lies in the central city and its provincial government. All localities should combine their own characteristics, adhere to problem orientation, and promote the construction of metropolitan areas

however, Zhou Nan also pointed out that we need to note that China's regional development is unbalanced and uncoordinated. Each metropolitan area has different levels of development, with different urban density, population density, and the degree of economic links and integration between cities. "I hope you can fully consider your own practical foundation, scientifically determine the development goals and Implementation Paths of different metropolitan areas, and prevent a mass uprising."

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